Poor tyre maintenance is one of the reasons many accidents happen.

Tyre maintenance is simple and only requires you to inspect them once a month or before you go on a long journey.

It’s also important that you consider a tyre check if you notice something wrong while driving, such as an unusual sound or shuddering at the steering wheel.

According to statistics by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and at International Transport Forum (ITF), tyre defects make up two per cent of crash contributors in Malaysia.

The percentage might not sound much but checking on your tyres may just save a life.


     Checking the tyre pressures

Having a tyre pressure that is too low can cause higher fuel consumption and difficulty in controlling the car as it affects steering and braking.

However, a high tyre pressure is also of no help because it will decrease the contact area with the road, resulting to a reduction in grip and increases stopping distances.

Having the right air pressure will prevent tyres from wearing too quickly or unevenly and it also helps in maintaining the depth of the tread.

Most vehicles will have the recommended pressure reading printed on a sticker on the driver’s door.


     Checking for wear

The tread on your tyres provide traction and diverts water on wet roads, ensuring your vehicle does not skid as you drive.

Over time, the depth of the treads decreases due to wear and eventually bald. This is a hazard especially under breaking or while turning.

One way of checking if you need to replace a tyre is by using the 50 sen measurement.

Place the coin into the main thread grooves of your tyre and see if the outer band is visible. Your tyre will need a replacement if the treads do not cover the outer band.


     Checking the age

The condition of the tyres deteriorate over the years and signs will start to develop when the tyres are more than five-years-old, in which they will then become less elastic and begin to crack.

If you can’t remember when you bought your tyres, you can always find the manufacturing date on the side of the tyre.

For example, if the tyre is manufactured in the 30th week of 2015, the code on the tyre wall will read 3015.